Usage of Such as on the GMAT
The word such as is used frequently in our day today lives and also used pretty frequently on the GMAT. It is a simple word but it can be used in various contexts and hence it’s important to understand its correct usage especially in the context of the exam.
Let’s take an official question and then try and understand the usage of “Such as”
Socially and environmentally responsible investing is on the rise: last year in the United States, over $2 trillion was invested in funds that screen companies according to a variety of criteria such as adherence to labor standards, protection of the environment, and observance of human rights.
- according to a variety of criteria such as
- according to a variety of such criteria, as by
- according to such a variety of criteria as by
- in accordance with such a variety of criteria as
- in accordance with a variety of criteria, such as by
Have you solved this question yet??
Such as is used to give examples. It is used to give examples of something mentioned either before “such as” or after “such” and before “as”. There is a slight difference between these two forms.
I have visited countries such as India and Pakistan.
- Here India and Pakistan are two of the many countries I have visited.
I have visited such countries as India and Pakistan.
- Here India and Pakistan are two of the “specific” kind of countries I have visited. Basically India and Pakistan are qualify for the kind of countries (developing, asian, etc) I have visited.
Let’s come back to the question now.
Criteria such as adherence…, protection…, and observance. What follows such as are examples of criteria !!
The problem in all the incorrect options is the usage of such as.
In C and D, we have “such a variety of criteria as”. However what follows as is not variety but criteria. So when I say “such varieties of criteria as”, what follows as should be examples of variety and not criteria. Therefore C and D are wrong.
B, C and E are also wrong because of preposition by after as. We should have nouns following ‘as’, as we want to give examples of criteria and examples of criteria should be nouns.
Also “according to” is more precise than “in accordance with”
Correct Answer is choice A for the reasons mentioned above.
If you have understood this concept try and solve the following question, which also involves the usage of Such as.
As literary criticism grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like
those of post-colonialism and Marxist discourse have been becoming increasingly
successful at finding positions in the faculties of top universities.
A. majoring in specialized areas like those of post-colonialism and Marxist discourse
have been becoming increasingly
B. who major in such specialized areas as post-colonialism and Marxist discourse are
becoming more and more
C. who majored in specialized areas such as those of post-colonialism and Marxist
discourse are being increasingly
D. who major in specialized areas such as those of post-colonialism and Marxist
discourse have been becoming more and more
E. having majored in such specialized areas as post-colonialism and Marxist
discourse are being increasingly
Let us know if you have any doubts in this regard.
If you want to know a generic approach to solve a Sentence Correction problem, you can find it here