BASICS OF GRAMMAR – Terminologies used in Sentence Correction GMAT

BASICS OF GRAMMAR – Terminologies used in Sentence Correction GMAT

 

Heard of the terms terminologies such as Prepositional clause, participial phrase, dangling modifier etc. in GMAT Sentence Correction questions? You must have, while reading through the explanations of some of the questions and are sure to hear some of these in our Sentence correction class. We have compiled together a basic grammar terminology that can be tested on the GMAT Sentence Correction section.

Parts of Speech: There are 8 forms of speech in grammar: noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction, and interjection (not necessary for the GMAT).

Noun and Pronoun answer the question “WHO” or “WHAT” and generally refer to people or things.

Example: John attended all the Sentence Correction classes.

Verb is a word that tells us about the action (stand, jump, drive) or state of being (is, are, feel) etc.

Example: John attended all the Sentence Correction classes.

Next we club Adverbs and Adjectives as Modifiers

Adjectives are the words that modify a noun or a pronoun

Example: Sachin is a good player

Adverbs are the words that that modifiy a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or an entire clause.

Example: I will quickly run to the store and brink milk

Preposition can be a word or a group of words that is placed before a noun and indicates a relation with another word in the sentence.

Example: You need to practice hard to prepare for the GMAT

Conjunctions are the words that link phrases or clauses.

Example: You need to practice hard and follow a routine to prepare for the GMAT.

Now that we are done with the parts of speech, lets us talk about the terminology involved with the creation of a sentence.

SUBJECTThe thing or the person that is executing the verb or simply the person or the thing about which the sentence is.

PHRASE – It is a collection of words without subject and a verb.

CLAUSEA collection of words with a subject and a predicate.

Independent Clause – A clause that can stand on its own

Dependent ClauseA clause that must be linked to other parts of a sentence.

PARTICIPLES These are -ing or -ed forms of the verbs that are used as adjectives

Example: The fighting brothers went to their mother.

GERUNDS-ing forms of verbs that are used as nouns.

Example: Studying grammar is my hobby

 

INFINITIVESThese are formed by placing  a “to” in front of a verb.

Example: I like to run

 These are the basics of grammar that will help you understand the grammar rules and in turn the errors that are commonly found on the GMAT Sentence Correction questions.

If you want to know more about any specific word in the grammar terminology, let us know in the comments section below.

If you want to know more about how to solve a Sentence Correction problem on the GMAT , click HERE

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